It’s quite simple: every organization starts with a strategy. Whether you are a for-profit, non-profit, or governmental organization, you have a roadmap for where you’re headed and how you intend to get there.
Typically, within the strategy there would be a financial plan, a marketing plan, probably a technology plan. And there must be a people plan. Since, in all probability, people are your organization’s most valuable resource, it would be folly to embark on trying to execute a strategy without having a plan in place to ensure that you’ve got the right people to execute that strategy.